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The Manufacturing Process of a Knife – Knife Stone Sharpening & Other Steps

March 06, 2017 0 Comments

The Manufacturing Process of a Knife – Knife Stone Sharpening & Other Steps

Manufacturing a knife involves multiple steps that are important to ensure a strong and durable blade. Below, Kaz’s Knife and Kitchenware takes a look at each of these steps in detail, from forge welding through to knife stone sharpening.

Step 1 – Forge Welding

The first step involves bonding the jigane (malleable iron) and the blade (carbon steel). The red-hot metal jigane is beaten and fired together with the blade using forge welding.

*Carbon steel is the black part towards the tip

Step 2 – Forge Hammering

While shaping the forged material with a power hammer that moves up and down, the general shape of the kitchen knife is formed. While being hammered, the jigane and the blade are blended and extended. This work is an important process to ensure the metal can be cut without breaking or bending.

Step 3 – Water Quenching

The knife is heated to 750°C - 800°C. It’s then dipped into water and cooled. Tempering increases the hardness of the blade.

Step 4 – Blade Tempering

The cooled knife is heated again and drops of water are dropped onto it, with the temperature judged by how the water drops run. This is a technique that requires skill and experience. As a result, it produces a blade that’s tough and not easily chipped.

Step 5 – Knife Stone Sharpening

The jet-black knife is sharpened with multiple coarse grinding, buffing, hon-togi, ura-togi and whetstones. Knife stone sharpening is an integral part of the manufacturing process to ensure a fine edge.

Step 6 – Handle Attachment/Name Engraving

A handle is attached to the sharpened knife. Finally, it’s finished by adding a name.